Can a sub-adviser or unaffiliated adviser, selected by an investment adviser to help manage client assets, deliver its Form ADV Part 2 to the adviser, instead of the client? Yes, they can, according to a recently issued SEC no-action letter to Goldman, Sachs & Co.
Generally, under Rule 204-3 of the Advisers Act, the “Brochure Rule,” an investment adviser must deliver a copy of its Form ADV (Part 2A) brochure and any required supplements (Part 2B) to each of its advisory clients or prospective clients before or at the time of entering into an advisory contract with them. This includes sub-advisers who are required to deliver their own brochure to the advisory client.
Goldman operates discretionary wrap-fee or managed account programs that employ the services of over 40 unaffiliated sub-advisers. The programs hire and allocate Goldman’s client assets across multiple sub-advisers. The fact that these sub-advisers managed client assets, establishes a fiduciary relationship with the client, and makes them also responsible for complying with the Brochure Rule.
Goldman sought assurances that permitting clients to elect not to receive the brochure documents but, instead, rely on Goldman to receive them on the client’s behalf would not result in the SEC bringing an enforcement action.In support, Goldman pointed to several examples of so-called “constructive delivery” where the SEC has permitted delivery of documents to a properly authorized agent — thus, constituting delivery to the agent’s principal in accordance with well-established common-law agency principles.
Examples of this in other contexts, Goldman noted, included, the SEC permitting investment advisers to receive offering prospectuses on behalf of their clients; the SEC approving various SROs rules allowing broker-dealers to satisfy their proxy delivery obligations, annual and semi-annual reports, and other shareholder communications obligations to customers by sending the materials to the customers’ investment advisers instead of the customers; under Regulation S-P, the SEC permitting advisers to satisfy their obligations to deliver initial and opt-out notices to consumers by sending the notices to the consumers’ legal representatives; and under rule 206(4)-2, the Custody Rule, the SEC permitting advisers to satisfy their obligations to send notices of custodial arrangements and any required account statements to a client by sending them to an “independent representative” designated by the client.
Investment advisers relying on the Goldman no-action letter should consider implementing, among others, the following steps:
1. Offer the client, in writing, the choice of appointing you, the adviser, to receive the brochure document from sub-advisers and briefly explain, in plain English, the information in the sub-adviser’s brochure document. This can be done in the investment management agreement or a separate agreement;
2. Inform the client of the identity of any sub-advisers you engage to manage the client’s assets, and inform the client that allowing you to receive the brochure does not waive or diminish their right to receive the brochure if they so choose;
3. Preserve the brochure documents that you receive and make them available to clients upon request. Clients should be free to change their minds at any time and request, at no additional cost, that the sub-advisers’ brochure documents be delivered to them directly;
4. Maintain policies and procedures designed to ensure that the sub-adviser’s brochure documents are appropriately reviewed by the adviser, and ensure that such policies address and manage any conflicts related to any business relationship the adviser has with a sub-adviser; and
5. Finally, when evaluating a particular sub-adviser’s disclosure for material conflicts, consider whether to (a) not retain the sub-adviser or (b) inform affected clients of a specific conflict and seek the client’s consent, even though the client may have elected not to receive brochure documents.